Paharpur Buddha Bihar is one of the historical tourist spot of Bangladesh
where remaining of the most important and the single largest known monastery – South of the Himalayas, has been discovered by excavation.
Another name of the Paharpur archeological spot is as Soumpur Moha Bihara, situated at small village Paharpur and located in northern district Naogaon and geographically located in the north-west part of capital Dhaka.
The UNESCO official however, often visits the site and previously donated to develop the project side by side the UN body also prepared a master plan for Paharpur Buddha Bihar.
Why Paharpur Unique!
Paharpur Buddhist Monastery is eminently renowned for its unique architectural design. The exclusive terracotta plaques of the then musicians, snake charmers, animals are main objects to view. The outer walls of the temple are inscribed with the lifestyle plaques of common people of hundreds of years.
The 8th century AD archaeological find covers approximately an area of 27 acres of land.
These Paharpur sculptures, 63 of which are fixed on the basement wall of the temple, offer a unique opportunity to make a detailed
study of them from the religious, artistic, technical and socioeconomic points of view.
There are 45 cells on the north and 44 in each of the other three sides with a total number of 177 cells.
Travelers can easily decide to travel the spot as Paharpur Bihar has full historical flavour of 7th century and was legendary since twelve century.
Brief History of Paharpur.
According to the available history, the Paharpur Bihar was established by King Dharma Pal.
The center of the Monastery contains the main temple and the total area consists of around cc.
Hundreds of Buddha monks used to gather here for take lesson on different disciplines apart from Buddhism religion.
The monks from different parts of the world including, China, India, Japan and other Asian countries used to gather here and exchanged their study on culture, art, politics and other faculties.
Atisha Dipankar stayed here for many years and translated the Madhyamaka Ratnapradipa into Tibetan.
As per historians, Hinduism however, influenced over the Buddhism and Buddhism finally lost its glamour. In the late 12th century, the Buddhism almost ruined.
How to reach Paharpur!
The highway communication is very smooth to visit Paharpur. Both by bus and by train one can visit the great Paharpur Bihar from Dhaka.
Sompur Bihar at Paharpur is about 270 km by road from Dhaka and it will take about 6 hours to reach Paharpur by bus or private car if no major stoppage is made along the way. If one starts from Dhaka, the route shall be Dhaka-Tangail-Jamuna Bridge – Bogra – Joypurhat and finally Paharpur.
The easy way to tour the site is to first reach Bogra and visit Mahasthangarh and stay at Parjatan Motel at night and then hire a taxi to go to Paharpur via Joypurhat or Naogaon on the next day.
Beside luxurious coach services from Dhaka to Joypurhat are available. It takes about 6 hours to reach Joypurhat and there are rickshaws and auto-rickshaws available from there to go to Paharpur.
Rich Museum Paharpur
Apart from visit Paharpur Biahar, rich museum of Paharpur will draw attention the visitor. Hundreds of archeological materials, carrying historical values on that era are displayed on different show cases of the museum, located at the footstep of the Paharpur Bihar arena.
The museum building accommodates three galleries and displaying hundreds of objects collected from Paharpur monastery. The museum remains closed on Sunday and in all holidays as declared by the government.
During the visit one can feel that he might have lost himself at the 12th century.
Other tourist places in the region.
One can easily visit a number of tourist spot along with archeological places of northern region. The spots are very nearing from other places like Mohastan Garh, Natore Uttara Gono Bhaban, Rajshahi Research Museum, Kantajuer Mandir at Dinajpur, Jamuna River Resort at Sirajganj etc.
So, you! hurry up! and lets make a weeklong feature for a family tour along with friends and colleagues!