Paharpur Buddha Bihar: Visit A UNESCO heritage at Home!

Paharpur Buddha Bihar is one of the historical tourist spot of Bangladesh

where remaining of the most important and the single largest known monastery – South of the Himalayas, has been discovered by excavation.

Another name of the Paharpur archeological spot is as Soumpur Moha Bihara, situated at small village Paharpur and located in northern district Naogaon and geographically located in the north-west part of capital Dhaka.

Paharpur Bihar has become more significant as in 1985 the UNESCO declared it a world Heritage Site.

The UNESCO official however, often visits the site and previously donated to develop the project side by side the UN body also prepared a master plan for Paharpur Buddha Bihar.

Why Paharpur Unique!

Paharpur Buddhist Monastery is eminently renowned for its unique architectural design. The exclusive terracotta plaques of the then musicians, snake charmers, animals are main objects to view. The outer walls of the temple are inscribed with the lifestyle plaques of common people of hundreds of years.

The 8th century AD archaeological find covers approximately an area of 27 acres of land.

These Paharpur sculptures, 63 of which are fixed on the basement wall of the temple, offer a unique opportunity to make a detailed

study of them from the religious, artistic, technical and socioeconomic points of view.

There are 45 cells on the north and 44 in each of the other three sides with a total number of 177 cells.

Travelers can easily decide to travel the spot as Paharpur Bihar has full historical flavour of 7th century and was legendary since twelve century.

Brief History of Paharpur.

According to the available history, the Paharpur Bihar was established by King Dharma Pal.

The center of the Monastery contains the main temple and the total area consists of around cc.

Hundreds of Buddha monks used to gather here for take lesson on different disciplines apart from Buddhism religion.

The monks from different parts of the world including, China, India, Japan and other Asian countries used to gather here and exchanged their study on culture, art, politics and other faculties.

Atisha Dipankar stayed here for many years and translated the Madhyamaka Ratnapradipa into Tibetan.

As per historians, Hinduism however, influenced over the Buddhism and Buddhism finally lost its glamour. In the late 12th century, the Buddhism almost ruined.

How to reach Paharpur!

The highway communication is very smooth to visit Paharpur. Both by bus and by train one can visit the great Paharpur Bihar from Dhaka.

Sompur Bihar at Paharpur is about 270 km by road from Dhaka and it will take about 6 hours to reach Paharpur by bus or private car if no major stoppage is made along the way. If one starts from Dhaka, the route shall be Dhaka-Tangail-Jamuna Bridge – Bogra – Joypurhat and finally Paharpur.

The easy way to tour the site is to first reach Bogra and visit Mahasthangarh and stay at Parjatan Motel at night and then hire a taxi to go to Paharpur via Joypurhat or Naogaon on the next day.

Beside luxurious coach services from Dhaka to Joypurhat are available. It takes about 6 hours to reach Joypurhat and there are rickshaws and auto-rickshaws available from there to go to Paharpur.

Rich Museum Paharpur

Apart from visit Paharpur Biahar, rich museum of Paharpur will draw attention the visitor. Hundreds of archeological materials, carrying historical values on that era are displayed on different show cases of the museum, located at the footstep of the Paharpur Bihar arena.

The museum building accommodates three galleries and displaying hundreds of objects collected from Paharpur monastery. The museum remains closed on Sunday and in all holidays as declared by the government.

During the visit one can feel that he might have lost himself at the 12th century.

Other tourist places in the region.

One can easily visit a number of tourist spot along with archeological places of northern region. The spots are very nearing from other places like Mohastan Garh, Natore Uttara Gono Bhaban, Rajshahi Research Museum, Kantajuer Mandir at Dinajpur, Jamuna River Resort at Sirajganj etc.

So, you! hurry up! and lets make a weeklong feature for a family tour along with friends and colleagues!

Shat Gambuj Mosque: world Heritage site as a historical beautiful mosque

Sixty dome mosque is one of the oldest mosques, built in 1459 with amazing architectural structure is situated here in Bagerhat.

For it’s glorious history and beauty UN has declared it as world heritage site.

It is a Tughlaq styled mosque. Khan Jahan Ali was the architect and general contractor of this historical mosque. It is the largest historical mosque in Bangladesh. It is also one of the most impressive place on the Indian Subcontinent.

Khan Jahan Ali was a great and famous muslim saint. He was the local ruler of Khalifabad (present Bagerhat). He was an officer of Bengal Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah. Khan Jahan Ali built a Muslim colony in this locality and built many structures for the well service for the people. He made water tanks, mosques etc. Shat Gambuj Mosque is his greatest creation which is now a world Heritage site.

Sultanate mosque, Shat Gambuj Mosque was also used for ruling the area and used as a court too.

The mosque is situated on the eastern bank of the Ghora Dighi. It is about 3 miles far from the main town of Bagerhat.

The name Shat Gambuj Masjid means a mosque with sixty domes. But actually the mosque has 77 squat domes with 7 four sided pitched Bengali domes in the middle row. There are 11 arched doors on east and 7 each on north and south. The mosque is divided into 7 longitudinal aisles. There are 11 deep bays of stone columns. The wall of the mosque is 6 feet thick and the internal space is 160 feet into 108 feet. The full mosque is built by red burn mud or bricks.

The mosque is constructed in 1449 with terracotta decoration. Around the doors you can see beautiful design. Inside of the mosque the walls are designed by former muslim cultural tradition. The full mosque is a wonderfull archeological beauty which is the signature of 15th century.

Now there is a picnic spot beside the mosque area around the historical Ghora Dighi.

There is an old decorated boundary wall around the mosque yard. Muslim people pray Namaz in the mosque. Every Friday at noon about 5 thousand or more people go to pray Namaz in the historical Shat Gambuj Mosque.

There is a museum in the mosque area which is situated to keep the historical items safe. You can know a lot about the mosque and about the history of 15th century.

Foreigners are charged a little to see the mosque. Though you don’t want to see the museum you’ll have to pay to visit only the mosque. The entry fee is only 50 taka for foreigners including the fee of the museum. Museum is open from 9am to 12 pm and 2 pm to 5 pm.

If you go to visit the historical Shat Gambuj Mosque you can also visit some more historical places of Bagerhat. Bagerhat is a city of historical mosques, tombs and temples with some larger ponds which are historical and beautiful too. Rickshaw is available for local movement and it’s enough because all places are near the mosque.

Near the mosque there is only one very good restaurant but no residence is situated here. You can see the whole Bagerhat town in a single day but you’ll have to stay at least a night to visit the whole district. Don’t worry, three very good hotels are in Bagerhat and one is at the Mongla Port.

So don’t miss to visit this wonderful world Heritage mosque quickly. You are bound to be lost in it’s beauty.

Majar of Ulugh Khan Jahan Ali: culture of 15th century

Beauty of muslim culture of 15th century is still present here.

The holy grave of the saint Khan Jahan Ali is in Bagerhat, many wonders are around it.

An amazing tour is possible in Bagerhat of Bangladesh to see not only an adventurous graveyard but also some historical but beautiful places. You can find here two of the oldest mosques, the Shat Gambuj Mosque and the one Gambuj Mosque.

In 1442 a muslim saint Ulugh Khan Jahan Ali came in Khalifabad (present Bagerhat) to spread the religion Islam. He used to live on the bank of a river and used to use crocodiles for good works. After his death there was situated a majar around his grave and the river died. But the crocodiles are still there from the time of his death.

Some of the crocodiles of the majar are thousands year old and they does not eat human body without hen and duck. So people can touch them truely without danger and people believe that the crocodiles can make any wish true. I became astonished after touching a crocodile for the first time.

Where the saint is sleeping down there are some strange manners also. The whole majar is decorated in 15th century and the design of former muslim culture is wonderful! The majar is standing here which is made of burn mud from 15th century.

Around the majar there seems like a fair. you can buy things like flute, cap etc. The road transport system is quiet good, available and easy so people come here everyday from different places. You can take an opportunity like me to see the signature of former culture at the majar of Khan Jahan Ali in Bagerhat.

The wind of nearby sea, the trees around a dead river site and the wonders of the majar can’t be neglected by you. Every angle of the environment will attract your sight.